All About Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act: A Comprehensive Guide for Tax Exemption

All About Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act: A Comprehensive Guide

Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act


Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act is a critical document for charitable trusts, educational institutions, hospitals, and other medical establishments whose primary objective is charity, not profit. This form serves as the key to claiming deductions under section 10(23C) of the IT Act, 1961.

Understanding Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act:

As per section 10(23C) of the Income Tax Act, specific government and non-government universities and educational institutions can claim full tax exemption, provided they are solely dedicated to educational purposes, not profit. Government educational institutions enjoy full exemption, while non-government institutions with an annual income of up to INR 5 crores are also exempt. Those with an income exceeding INR 5 crores can still claim exemption subject to specific approvals.

Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act  comprehensively outlines the trust or educational institution’s finances, including income, expenses, assets, and liabilities. It is submitted as an audit report prepared by a chartered accountant after examining the financial records for the relevant financial year.

Significance of Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act:

The Taxation Laws Amendment Act (2006) extends the eligibility for tax exemption under section 10(23C) to all trusts and organizations. To claim this exemption, organizations must submit their audit reports using Form 10BB. Additionally, it’s vital for trusts and educational institutions with annual incomes exceeding the minimum threshold to have their books audited by a Chartered Accountant.

Applicability of Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act:

Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act benefits both government and non-government educational institutions, as well as hospitals and medical institutions with non-profit objectives. Any charitable trust or educational institution registered under section 12 A or 12AA of the IT Act, 1961, is entitled to claim exemptions under section 10(1) or 10(23C) of the income tax act. To avail of these exemptions, organizations must file their Income Tax Returns (ITR) using ITR-7 and submit their audit report through Form 10BB.

The form requires selecting the relevant sub-clause from a dropdown menu. Section A focuses on personal information, while Section B delves into aggregate annual receipts and the claimed exemption details.

Completing Form 10BB: A Step-by-Step Guide

Before you embark on filling out Form 10BB of the Income Tax Act, ensure you have the following documents at hand:

Part A – General Information

  • Name of the institution
  • Official Address
  • PAN number
  • Assessment Year
  • Registration number
  • Date of Approval of the Institution
  • The relevant sub-clause under section 10(23C)

Part B – Income Application

  • Core business activities of the institution
  • Total revenue and expenditures to meet the trust’s objectives
  • Details of income used for purposes other than the trust’s objectives
  • Details of income exceeding 15% of the total income
  • Profit reserves should not exceed 15% of the total income

Part C – Other Information

  • Details of investments in funds or other assets
  • Statement of Income & Expenditure A/c of the organization
  • Details of donations/transfers to other trusts
  • Voluntary contributions received in the previous year
  • Any anonymous donations made in the previous year

Form 10B vs. Form 10BB: Understanding the Difference

While Form 10B and Form 10BB may seem similar, they serve distinct purposes:

  • Form 10B is filed based on rule 17B of section 12AB, primarily regulating charitable institutions and religious trusts.

  • Form 10BB is filed based on rule 16CC under section 10, specifically overseeing educational institutions formed for educational purposes and medical institutions with non-profit objectives. Form 10BB functions as an audit report for universities, educational institutions, and medical establishments.

Submission Timeline for Form 10BB

Form 10BB should accompany your ITR filing. However, the government allows for relaxation or condonation of delays in filing Form 10BB for up to 365 days if a reasonable cause exists. In cases where the delay exceeds 365 days but not more than three years, the Chief Commissioner of Income Tax can exercise discretion to condone the delay. It’s crucial to provide a valid reason for the delay in your application, as authorities decide on the condonation based on merit.

Mandatory Compliance

As per the Taxation Law Amendment Act (2006), every organization seeking exemption under section 10(23C) must complete and submit Form 10BB, providing details about their income, expenses, assets, and liabilities. It’s imperative to have your accounts audited by a certified Chartered Accountant and furnish an audit report through Form 10BB to avail of the exemption under section 10(23C). Don’t hesitate to seek assistance from a CA to ensure a seamless Form 10BB submission process.


In conclusion, understanding and correctly completing Form 10BB is essential for charitable trusts, educational institutions, and medical establishments with non-profit objectives. Compliance with tax regulations ensures that these organizations can continue their valuable contributions to society without unnecessary financial burdens.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Can a for-profit educational institution also use Form 10BB?

A: No, Form 10BB is specifically for non-profit educational institutions.

Q2: What happens if I miss the deadline for Form 10BB submission?

A: You may request condonation of the delay with a valid reason, but it’s best to file on time to avoid complications.

Q3: Are government hospitals eligible for tax exemption using Form 10BB?

A: Yes, government hospitals with non-profit objectives can claim tax exemption.

Q4: Can I fill out Form 10BB without the assistance of a Chartered Accountant?

A: It’s recommended to involve a CA for accurate and compliant submissions.

Q5: Are religious trusts eligible for tax exemption under Form 10BB?

A: Religious trusts fall under a different set of rules and may not use Form 10BB for exemption.

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